NOT DESIGNATED FOR PUBLICATION
IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF KANSAS
Appeal from Leavenworth District Court; THOMAS DAWSON, judge pro tem. Opinion filed April
2, 2021. Appeal dismissed.
Gary A. Nelson, of Gary A. Nelson, P.A., of Leavenworth, for appellant.
Charles Joseph Osborn, of Osborn Law Office, LLC, of Leavenworth, for appellee.
Before SCHROEDER, P.J., MALONE, J., and MCANANY, S.J.
PER CURIAM: K.F. sought a protection from stalking (PFS) order against her
husband, A.F. After an evidentiary hearing, the district court entered the requested PFS
order and denied A.F.'s later motion to set the order aside. A.F. appeals, arguing that
there was insufficient evidence to support granting the order and that the district court
erred by denying his motion to set it aside. For the reasons explained below, we hold that
the expiration of the PFS order renders this appeal moot, and A.F. has not established that
we should consider his arguments despite the appeal being moot. Accordingly, we
K.F. filed a petition for a PFS order against A.F. during the pendency of their
divorce proceedings which began in May 2019. On September 9, 2019, the district court
denied relief for failure to establish an essential element of the claim.
On September 13, 2019, K.F. filed a second petition seeking a PFS order against
A.F. In her petition, K.F. described text messages purportedly sent to her by A.F. The
district court issued an ex parte temporary PFS order and set the matter for an evidentiary
hearing on September 30, 2019. The hearing was later rescheduling for October 21, 2019.
At the October 21, 2019 hearing, K.F. testified about various text messages she
believed came from A.F. She claimed these messages caused her to fear for her safety.
She told the judge that A.F. recently appeared at their son's daycare center to pick up
their son on a day that A.F. did not have scheduled parenting time, but he left when he
saw K.F. K.F. testified that she feared that A.F. might hurt her or try to physically take
After K.F.'s testimony, the district court denied A.F.'s motion to dismiss. A.F. then
testified that the daycare incident had been a one-time miscommunication. He had
believed it was his responsibility to pick up his son that day, and when he realized he was
mistaken, he left. He denied sending the texts that K.F. claimed had caused her to be
fearful. He contended that K.F. was seeking the PFS order in an attempt to affect his
custody and parenting rights in their pending divorce proceedings.
After hearing the testimony, the court granted the petition and issued a PFS order.
The order was effective until October 21, 2020, and "may be extended for additional
periods of time upon motion of the plaintiff."
A.F. moved to set aside the PFS order, which the district court denied. This appeal
On appeal, A.F. identifies eight issues, seven of which challenge the evidence
supporting the district court's decision to grant the PFS order. But in his August 11, 2020
appellate brief, he recognized that the PFS order could expire before this court resolves
his appeal, which could render the appeal moot. Nevertheless, he contends that even if
the order expires as anticipated in October 2020, exceptions apply which justify this court
considering his arguments on their merits.
K.S.A. 2020 Supp. 60-31a06(b), (c), and (d) mandate that a PFS order "shall
remain in effect until modified or dismissed by the court and shall be for a fixed period of
time not to exceed one year" unless the plaintiff files a motion to extend it.
K.F. filed her appellate brief on October 21, 2020—the date the PFS order was set
to expire. Not surprisingly, as the beneficiary of the PFS order and the only party under
the statute permitted to request an extension, she argues that "there is every likelihood
that the Protective Order at issue here will have expired well before this Court has an
opportunity to consider the matter now before it." If that happens, she argues, the appeal
is moot and we should dismiss it.
A.F. has not filed a reply brief asserting that the PFS was extended, and he has not
moved to supplement the record with an order extending the original PFS order.
Accordingly, we have nothing before us to suggest that the status quo—the October 21,
2020 expiration of the PFS order—has been disturbed.
"A case is moot when the controversy between the parties has ended and any
judgment of the court would be ineffective." Kerry G. v. Stacy C.,
55 Kan. App. 2d 246
411 P.3d 1227
(2018). Since there is no indication the PFS order was extended, A.F.
is no longer subject to its restrictions, regardless of whether this court agrees with him
that the district court erred in granting the order. In other words, "a ruling in this appeal
would seem to be of no practical significance—in legal terms, the appeal is moot." C.M.
54 Kan. App. 2d 318
398 P.3d 228
But A.F. argues that certain exceptions to the doctrine of mootness apply here.
"As a general rule, Kansas appellate courts do not decide moot questions or
render advisory opinions. However, there are exceptions to the general rule. A court will
consider a moot issue if it 'involve[s] vital rights to the parties.' Another exception arises
'if the issue is "one capable of repetition and one of public importance."' This court
exercises unlimited review over issues of mootness. [Citations omitted.]" Kerry
Kan. App. 2d at 249
"The Protection Order involves vital rights to the Defendant in that it will remain on his
record and inhibit his rights for years to come. It is also an issue that is capable of
repetition and one of public importance. The Protection Order was granted October 21,
2019 for one year. It is subject to being extended for up to a lifetime. If the Order is not
extended, it will have expired before this case is likely decided by this Court and
therefore will be moot. If it is extended, it will not be moot. Either way, if this Court
reverses the district court's decision in granting the PFS Order filed against the Defendant
and vacates the order, even if moot, it will restore the rights of the Defendant that have
In determining whether an appeal is moot and should be dismissed, we analyze
"whether an appellate judgment on the merits would have meaningful consequences for
any purpose, including future implications." State v. Roat,
311 Kan. 581
(2020). Because A.F. essentially concedes that his appeal became moot when
the PFS order expired, he now bears the burden "to show the existence of a substantial
interest that would be impaired by dismissal or that an exception to the mootness doctrine
applies.” 311 Kan. at 593
(citing Cierco v. Lew,
190 F. Supp. 3d 16
, 23 [D.C. Cir. 2016]).
But A.F. makes only generalized assertions that his "rights" will be affected in the
future if we do not resolve his appeal on the merits. He does not identify those rights
which he is obligated to do. State v. Sykes,
311 Kan. 612
465 P.3d 1152
Thus, this contention, incidentally raised in A.F.'s brief but not adequately argued, has
been abandoned. See Russell v. May,
306 Kan. 1058
400 P.3d 647
A.F. also makes a conclusory assertion that the issues raised in this appeal are of
public importance, but he provides no further explanation. Because A.F.'s substantive
issues are related to the evidence presented in this fact-specific case, we are not
persuaded that they are of sufficient public importance to merit consideration of this
otherwise moot appeal.
Appeal dismissed as moot.